House owners know that the good running of a home is all about making sure all systems function well, which includes drainage. Drainage of all water and fluids inside and out side the house can affect maintenance and ultimately the value of the property. Here are some top tips to consider for your home.
House owners – What Are the Best Drainage Ideas for a Homesite?
There are several factors that make proper drainage a priority on a homesite. Some of these factors are flat land, high water tables and dense soil. If correct drainage is not in place, it will be easier for water to collect under the home and drown vegetation. In other words, the landscape can be gradually transformed into a swamp. However, the most critical problem could be the effect the sitting water has on the house.
Is There A Drainage Issue Around on Your Homesite?
An experienced designer will take the time to analyze your landscape and may decide to ‘shoot grades’ to determine the accurate topography whether the land appears to be flat or not. By performing a spot elevation, the designer and architect will know where the potential problems are so they can be resolved during the design process.
Ground water can also contribute to blocked drain issues, and it is related to the typical rainfall pattern in the area. If your homesite is situated in a low-lying area, the water table may only be a few inches under the surface. This type of condition causes many issues during home construction and can also limit the type of vegetation that can grow in the yard.
In fact, rainfall is often the catalyst that causes drainage issues to emerge. This means that if you live in an area that has frequent downpours, a homesite with drainage issues can quickly become flooded. Combining a high-water table with frequent downpours greatly increases the potential for drainage issues and water damage.
So, before we discuss the different types of drainage solutions, it is important for landowners and homeowners to understand the different causes for drainage around a house.
House owners – Check any surface water
Landscapes that have clay soil often deal with lingering water. In an ideal world, every piece of land is graded for drainage, so the backyard water flows into a storm drain or a swale. However there are circumstances in which builders do not use the correct grades and this leads to trapped water. As a result, planting areas and lawns become mud zones.
High Water Table
As previously mentioned, high water tables can also cause drainage problems. Low lying areas can present challenges when preparing a landscape. When the roots of plants are overly saturated soil, they do not receive the oxygen that they need during the growing season. They will rot just as quickly as a houseplant that receives too much water. This means you are left with two choices, plant vegetation that can grow in high water landscapes or use raised planter heights.
What Are the Signs Of Drainage Issues Around Your House?
Even though we have discussed drainage issues on new homesites, drainage issues can also occur with older houses as well. It is important to keep your eyes open for the obvious and not so obvious signs of drainage issues around your house such as:
– Basement flooding
– Water pooling in driveway
– Large water puddles that do not evaporate within hours after it has rained
– Patio cracks
– Water stains around the house, especially the basement
– Huge foundation cracks
Excess water can create mould and mildew, cause health issues, cause cracks inside/outside of the house, and even encourage rodents and insects to breed.
Design A Creek Bed
A creek bed can help channel the water from a low-lying area or a runoff from a garden or an empty well. When there is the good well-planned landscaping in place, the creek bed will be pleasing aesthetically, and will serve in times of flooding.
You do not have to construct a creek bed for your drainage project. A swale is just as effective and is a very subtle way to keep surface water under control. Of course, it is easier to construct the swale before you start to sod or seed your yard.
If there is a low area in your property that typically collects rainwater, you may want to build a rain garden. Some house owners use rain gardens simply as places on the property that are designed to catch and retain water. Others focus on them as attractive features of their landscape. The only difference is that it is typically filled with plants that thrive in over-saturated soil. These types of gardens are aesthetically more pleasing than a muddy hole in the middle of the yard.
In addition, rain gardens do not have to hold water like a pond does. Instead, it can just hold the water until it is able to drain away.
The key to having a successful rain garden is that you must choose the best plants for the soil. Plants that have fibrous roots generally do well in rain gardens.
These are just two of the many drainage solutions that you can use on your homesite. Once the drainage issues and their causes are identified, a drainage solution can be customized to solve your problem.